Neurology and neuroscience
Neurology comes under medicine branch which deals with disorders of the nervous system. Physicians who are specialized in the field of neurology are called neurologists and they are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with neurological disorders. Most neurologists are mainly trained to treat and diagnose adults. Paediatricneurologists, nearly always a subspecialty of paediatrics, treat neurological disease in children. Neurologists are also involved in clinical trials, clinical research, as well as basic research and translational research.Neurological disorders are disorders that affect the central nervous system (brain, brainstem and cerebellum), the peripheral nervous system (peripheral nerves - cranial nerves included), or the autonomic nervous system (some parts of it are located in both central and peripheral nervous system). Neurologists are also in charge in diagnosis and treatment of some conditions in the musculoskeletal system. Neurological disorders are one of the greatest threats to public health as pinpointed with evidence by The Global Burden of Disease study, along with the ongoing international collaborative project between the World bank, WHO and the Harvard School of Public Health.
According to the UN
report on neurology dated 27 February 2007, around
one of every six of the total population, up to 1 billion individuals,
experience the ill effects of neurological disorders, from Alzheimer
and Parkinson disease, strokes, multiple sclerosis and epilepsy to migraine, brain injuries.
According to the Global statistics analysis, it is evident that sixty-two
million people suffer from cerebrovascular disease, fifty million
people suffer from epilepsy, three hundred and around
twenty-six million people have migraine, and twenty-four million of them suffer
from Alzheimer disease and other dementia.
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